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How should nutrition be in case of disaster (earthquake)?

A healthy diet, which is one of the most important conditions for our body, is of great importance in extraordinary situations such as earthquakes, floods, and fires that interrupt daily life. So, how should we be fed after a disaster situation?

People who have been rescued from the rubble with the difficult days we have been through are likely to encounter situations such as shock, depression and anxiety. Although it comes to mind that the need for shelter is met first, nutrition is also very important for human health. Water, one of our most basic needs, is at the top of this nutrition list. According to the guide published by the Turkish Medical Association, there are some items in the list regarding post-disaster nutrition. One of them is to give hot drinks to the rescued person in the first few hours. In addition to this, while feeding two meals in adults; It is planned to give three meals a day to children, pregnant and lactating women.Here is the right nutrition step against the people rescued from the rubble in the details of the news…

Nutrition in the earthquake zone


In case of emergency, nutrition services are organized in two phases so that people who are pulled out from under the rubble can best overcome the psychological and physiological effects of an earthquake. In these stages, which are divided into two as short-term and long-term nutrition, nutrition distribution should be done by considering the negative conditions. short term nutrition covers the first few weeks. At this stage, first of all, it is of great importance to carry healthy water. While it is necessary to consume 3 liters of water per day in temperate seasons, this increases up to 6 liters in hot seasons. Hot tea or soup should be served as the first step in the short-term feeding to be carried out after the disaster. These foods, which will make you feel good psychologically, are of great importance in terms of health for the first time. On the second day, you can switch to solid foods. These are bread, cheese, olives or prepared foods; Foods that are difficult to spoil, such as biscuits, pasta, and legumes should be preferred.



  • Fresh fruits and vegetables should not be consumed until they have healthy water and a suitable kitchen environment.
  • After a few months after the disaster period, the registration of those who eat should be taken and it should be checked whether there is a risk during this process.
  • Proper nutrition should be done to prevent diseases that can seriously affect health problems such as diarrhea, tuberculosis or hepatitis.
  • Pregnant and lactating women should follow their diet and add nutrients to their daily diets.
  • The daily energy requirement for a healthy adult is 2100 calories. This calorie should be obtained from 450 g of grain, 25 g of fat and 50 g from legumes.
  • Packaged foods, such as milk and dairy products, which spoil quickly, should be consumed quickly.
  • The consumption of suspicious, moldy, changed appearance and odor foods should be avoided.

Life-saving measures in an earthquake

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