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Wednesday, September 20, 2023

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Vaginal diseases common in women and their symptoms

Being a woman is hard, but obstetrics is even harder! Let’s go over some of the issues that we need to pay attention to on this special day we celebrate all over the world. Gynecology Op. Dr. Çiğdem Yavuz Yurtsever brought together the main ailments related to gynecological diseases that we should pay attention to.

Beware of abnormal vaginal discharge!
The fluids secreted from the glands on the walls and inside of the vagina and in the cervix provide the wetness necessary for the health of the woman. Vaginal discharge discomfort may occur when an increase or change in these fluids occurs. Normal vaginal discharge is clear and resembles liquid egg white, does not smell. Such currents are called physiological currents. However, newly emerged, dark yellow, green, brown, bloody, foaming, foul-smelling, pain and burning during urination and sexual intercourse, and discharges with symptoms such as abnormal bleeding are called infection-related discharges. Infections are treated with medication and vaginal tablets.

Polycystic ovary syndrome is seen in 1 out of every 10 women
Our changing habits and lifestyles bring along new diseases. Polycystic ovary syndrome is one of these diseases. Polycystic ovary syndrome, which is seen in 1 out of every 10 women, appears with frightening statistical values.

If you need to know polycystic ovary syndrome closely; It is a disease that is characterized by enlargement of the ovaries and the formation of many small cysts, which paves the way for some hormonal problems in the person, and the cause of which is not known for certain today. Polycystic ovary syndrome is the most common hormonal disorder in women. It is seen in 15-20% of women of reproductive age.
Although there is no specific treatment for the disease, which manifests itself with male pattern hair growth, weight, lubrication, and menstrual irregularities, it is possible to control the symptoms it shows.

Menstrual irregularities can be a sign of other diseases!

Menstrual irregularity; It is different from the normal 28-day menstrual cycle in the frequency of menstruation, the amount and duration of bleeding. In other words, menstrual irregularity can be diagnosed if the menstrual frequency is less than 21 days, more than 35 days, or if the menstrual period is less than 2 days or more than 7 days.

Menstrual irregularities invite many diseases. These diseases; polycystic ovarian syndrome, uterine-ovarian diseases, thyroid disease etc. In this sense, menstrual irregularities should be considered and treated. The treatment phase proceeds as follows: In order to reveal the source of the problem, gynecological examination, ultrasonographic examination and simultaneously measurement of hormones secreted from the ovaries and other parts of the body are required. It should be noted that certain periods of the menstrual cycle are preferred when hormonal measurement. days)

Dysmenorrhea (Painful Menstruation)
Pain during menstruation is called “dysmenorrhea”. Menstrual pain is localized to the lower abdomen and may spread to the waist, back and legs. Pain It usually starts one day before menstruation begins. Especially the first day of menstruation is very severe and lasts for 2-3 days at most. Women with menstrual pain may also have complaints such as nausea, headache, constipation or diarrhea.

Causes of dysmenorrhea ;

  • Presence of the innermost layer of the uterus in the outer layers of the uterus or in an extrauterine region,
  • ) Uterine tumors,
  • stenosis in the cervix,
  • Different positions of the uterus,
  • Uterine inflammation,
  • (980710)
    There is a close relationship between menstrual cramps and ovulation there is a relationship. In cases that do not respond to painkillers, eliminating ovulation with birth control pills can also eliminate menstrual pain. However, if this treatment method is not effective, a more detailed examination is required. For this, the abdominal cavity is examined by a method called laparoscopy by the physician. In this method, endometriosis is usually detected and its treatment is different.

    Sexual dysfunctions harm the harmony between couples!

    Sexual dysfunction or sexual dysfunction is a problem that affects both men and women intensely. Sexual dysfunction in women manifests itself as a decrease or loss of sexual desire, temporal incompatibility between men and women, orgasmic disorders, vaginismus, dyspareunia (pain in intercourse), and dissatisfaction with the sexual behavior of the man.

    Causes of sexual dysfunction in women; Physical causes. Many physical and/or medical conditions can cause sexual dysfunction. These conditions include diabetes, heart disease, neurological diseases, hormonal imbalances, menopause, chronic diseases such as kidney disease or liver failure, alcohol or drug addiction. In addition, some medications, including some antidepressants, can affect sexual desire or function.

    Psychological causes. These can be work-related stress and anxiety, worry about sexual performance, marital or relationship problems, depression, feelings of guilt, or the effects of a past sexual trauma.

    The ideal approach to the treatment of female sexual dysfunction is a team effort between the woman, the doctor, and trained therapists. Most sexual problems can be corrected by treating the underlying physical or psychological problems.

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