Clinical Psychologist Elif Güneri, who stated that the causes of stuttering could not be determined precisely, but in the light of scientific data, it is known that genetic, neurological and psychological factors are important in stuttering, “The genetic factor is the genetic factor that causes stuttering in the child’s mother or father or close relatives. “There is a hereditary transmission of the structure to the child. Structural disorders of the brain or factors such as paralysis and head trauma can be considered as neurological factors, while emotional traumas and difficulties related to emotions such as intense stress, anxiety and fear can be considered as psychological factors.” He said
It can become chronic
We can divide it into two as developmental stuttering and persistent chronic stuttering. Stuttering is a temporary type of stuttering seen in children between the ages of 2 and 5, in which cognitive development is fast and active, but the speaking skill cannot catch up with the speed of cognitive development, so the thinking speed of the brain is high, but the language and speaking skills are still below the brain’s thinking speed. Persistent – chronic stuttering, on the other hand, is a type of stuttering that usually starts at this age and can continue throughout adulthood if not treated
Having a genetic history in the family, stuttering for more than 6 months, tic and involuntary muscle contractions in the face and upper body in addition to stuttering The accompanying stuttering, the presence of structural disorders in the tongue and larynx, the presence of attitudes of the family and social environment to reinforce stuttering, and late initiation of treatment are risk factors for persistent stuttering.
Families should accept
A common mistake we encounter is that parents apply late for treatment by saying ‘it’s a child’s sake’. In delayed treatments, the problem is not only stuttering, but also the fact that psychological problems such as low self-esteem in the child, loss of self-confidence, insufficient development of social relations have been added to the table in addition to stuttering. Another mistake is that parents resist in accepting the problem and misjudge the problem. Stuttering is not seen in stuttering when the individual is talking to himself/herself, singing, and talking to his/her parents with whom he/she has developed a trusting relationship. This is due to the nature of stuttering. Parents, on the other hand, lead this to the misconception that the child stutters because he is excited in the presence of others and that there is no such problem. Both make it possible to apply late to the wrong treatment. However, early diagnosis and treatment of stuttering is very important.
There is treatment
The rate of recovery in treatment depends on the severity of stuttering, the cooperation of the family and social environment, and the individual’s willingness. Speech therapy and cognitive therapy are used together in treatment. How long the therapies will last and how they will be planned are determined by the specialist according to the needs of each individual.