Different types of bacteria, fungi and other microorganisms are usually found in the vagina, and their balance is normally controlled by the body. However, in some cases, this balance may be disrupted and infections may develop.
Vaginal infections can occur in the following ways:
- Vaginal Fungal Infections (Vaginal Candidiasis): It usually occurs as a result of overgrowth of Candida type fungi. Symptoms such as itching, burning, and white discharge may be observed.
- Bacterial Vaginosis: It occurs as a result of a decrease in the number of Lactobacillus bacteria and an increase in other bacteria. There may be symptoms such as gray colored foul-smelling discharge and itching.
- Trichomonas Vaginitis: It is an infection caused by the parasite called Trichomonas vaginalis. Symptoms such as greenish-yellow frothy discharge and burning during urination may be observed.
Treatment of vaginal infections is usually done with the advice of a doctor. Treatment may include antifungal medications (for fungal infections), antibiotics (for bacterial infections), or antiparasitic medications (for Trichomonas infections), depending on the cause of the infection. Additionally, measures such as maintaining personal hygiene, using cotton underwear, and avoiding excessively perfumed products can reduce the risk of infection.
It is important to take the following precautions to prevent vaginal infections:
- Acting in accordance with hygiene rules.
- Prefer cotton underwear.
- Avoiding chemical products such as vaginal sprays or perfumes.
- Do not stop using antibiotics unless recommended by a doctor.
- Using condoms during intercourse.
However, remember that when symptoms are observed, the most appropriate approach is to contact a healthcare professional. Because the correct diagnosis and treatment may vary depending on the type of infection.