Due to the increase in sugar during pregnancy, some of the babies may be lost in the womb or during birth. After birth, 25% of babies and 33.3% of mothers can become diabetic due to diabetes. Therefore, the sugar levels of expectant mothers should be controlled.
The sugar level in the mother also affects the baby
Pre-pregnancy diabetes in women should not be confused with diabetes occurring during pregnancy. In order to provide the necessary blood sugar for the baby during pregnancy, some hormonal changes occur in the body. The sugar level of the expectant mother is important for the growth and development of the baby. In some pregnant women, because the increase in sugar level is higher, negative results may occur. The high sugar level in the body also affects the baby in the mother’s womb and causes the baby’s blood sugar to rise. In other words, high sugar level stimulates the baby’s pancreas and leads to more insulin secretion. On the other hand, since gestational diabetes occurs in the later weeks, it is not observed in the first 12 weeks that the baby’s organs are formed.
Gestational diabetes can cause many health problems
weight gain may occur. This situation reduces the mother’s chance of having a normal delivery and causes babies to be born as a result of cesarean section. Problems such as dislocation of the shoulder and paralysis of the arm nerves may also occur during birth due to excess weight.
2. Another negative side of gestational diabetes is that it causes the baby to have excess water in the womb. This negativity also decreases the chance of normal delivery.
3. Premature births may occur because high blood pressure due to gestational diabetes causes pregnancy poisoning (preeclampsia).
4. Even if it is not seen during pregnancy, some babies may experience adverse effects due to gestational diabetes after birth. Since there will be more insulin synthesis in the pancreas of the baby who is exposed to high blood sugar in the mother’s womb, sudden decreases in the baby’s blood sugar can be observed.
Blood sugar should be measured during pregnancy
During pregnancy, blood sugar in the body should be checked regularly. Appropriate diet programs should be given to expectant mothers with high sugar levels after the gestational diabetes test is performed. Thus, the risks to the health of the baby in the mother’s womb will be minimized. If the desired values cannot be reached despite the diet, it is appropriate to start insulin therapy. Administration of insulin therapy during pregnancy is extremely safe. Studies have shown that sugar pills produced as tablets are safe. The sugar consumed in the sugar loading test does not harm the baby and the mother.
If there is gestational diabetes, she may have diabetes in the future
Expectant mothers with gestational diabetes have a high risk of developing diabetes after pregnancy. The results of the sugar load test may be high in women who are older than 25 years old, overweight, have diabetes in their parents, and have a previous history of giving birth to a baby over 4 kilograms. Pregnant women with high sugar levels as a result of the test should repeat the test approximately 1 month after delivery and accordingly, it should be checked whether there is a permanent diabetes. If the sugar level is normal, the test should be repeated every 2 years. If the mother-to-be had insulin-dependent diabetes (TYPE 1) before pregnancy, the treatment should be intensified and insulin should be given at frequent intervals. If the expectant mother has non-insulin dependent (TYPE 2) diabetes, oral medications should be discontinued and appropriate insulin therapy should be started.