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What can increase my chances of having twins?

If you’ve always dreamed of having a big family, the thought of having twins can be appealing. Various factors can increase your chances of having twins, including your age and ethnicity, and the use of fertility treatments.

According to TUIK data;
3.1% of births were multiple births. While 3.1% of births were multiple births in 2021, 96.2% of these births were twins, 3.5% triplets and 0.3% quadruplets or more.

What can increase my chances of having twins?

Fraternal twins are formed when two eggs are fertilized by different sperm cells in the same menstrual cycle. They are twice as common as identical twins who become pregnant when an egg is fertilized by a sperm cell. The fertilized egg splits into two, forming two embryos in the uterus.

Fertility treatments increase your chances of having both fraternal and identical twins, but there are other factors that can increase your odds of having it, such as your age, genetics, and family history:

Extends:If you are twins or have twins in your family, you are slightly more likely to have twins.

Age: The older you get, the higher your chances of having fraternal twins or higher-order multiples. One theory is that women 35 and older produce more follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) than younger women. FSH is also the hormone that causes the egg to mature each month to prepare for ovulation, and women with extra FSH may release more than one egg in a single cycle. So older women are statistically less likely to get pregnant, but they are more likely to give birth to twins if they do get pregnant.

History of the twins:When you have a fraternal twin, you are twice as likely to have another fraternal twin in future pregnancies.

Number of pregnancies:The more pregnancies you have, the greater your chance of having twins.

Body type:Fraternal twins are more common in large and tall women than in smaller women.

Which fertility treatments affect my chances of having twins?

Some treatments for infertility can increase your odds of conceiving twins, triplets, and higher-order multiples, as they increase ovulation.

For example, gonadotropins are injectable fertility drugs that stimulate your ovaries to produce more than one egg at the time of ovulation. If more eggs are released, this increases the likelihood of fertilization of more than one egg.

Using assisted reproductive technology (ART) such as IVF increases your chances of having twins, but you can prevent multiple pregnancy by asking your doctor to transfer only one embryo at a time.

According to preliminary national data for 2019, the percentage of treatments that resulted in twin births after all embryo transfers are as follows:

  • 7.3 percent of women under 35
  • 6.9% of women aged 35-37
  • 6.8 percent of women aged 38-40
  • 5.1 percent of women aged 41-42
  • 5.9% of women aged 43 and older

Yet fertility treatments are not an easy way to increase your chances of having twins. They tend to be very expensive and are not always covered by health insurance. For example, the average cost of an IVF (in vitro fertilization) cycle is $10,000 to $15,000. And fertility treatments are often reserved for people who have been diagnosed.

It is possible that the birth rate of twins has slowed due to the development of fertility treatments. For example, with in vitro fertilization (IVF), doctors often transplant multiple embryos into the uterus at the same time to increase the chances of having a successful pregnancy. This also increases the odds of having twins, but now doctors only transfer one, or rarely two, embryos at a time to reduce high-risk pregnancies.

This is because women with multiple pregnancies (carrying more than one baby) are at higher risk for complications such as premature birth, low birth weight, preeclampsia (high blood pressure), gestational diabetes, and cesarean section.

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