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What is occiput posterior? Is the occiput posterior dangerous? Occiput posterior symptoms

The occiput posterior (OP) position is the most common fetal position. Babies in the womb turn upside down as they approach the final weeks. It becomes a normal birth with the head down and the feet up. Occiput posterior (OP) is a posture disorder. What is occiput posterior? Is the occiput posterior dangerous? What are the symptoms of occiput posterior

You may have seen or heard the news that many mothers who think of a normal birth have to have a cesarean section. For vaginal birth, the baby starts preparations in the mother’s womb. As the birth approaches, it turns over and the head is facing down, while the hands and feet are up. This position means that the baby is ready for normal delivery. However, if the baby does not take this position, a cesarean section is performed.



In normal birth, if the baby’s head is facing towards the mother’s stomach and the back of the baby’s head is turned towards the mother’s back, this posture will be adopted. “occiput posterior posture” is called. If the baby’s posture does not return to normal during birth, that is, if the baby continues to face the mother’s back “occiput posterior arrival”takes its name.

In this position, the fetal, bony parts of the baby are side by side with the bony parts of the mother. For this reason, the mother experiences severe pain and pain. The position of the baby’s head in this position can be understood by looking at the fontanelles of the baby in the vaginal examination with the finger. In this position, the baby does not enter the normal birth canal properly. If the baby’s head progresses, a cesarean section is performed.

occiput anterior posture and occiput posterior


In this posture, the fetal baby and normal birth cannot be appropriate. The baby who cannot catch the most suitable diameter for the canal basically cannot catch the diameters suitable for the birth canal. The bone parts of the baby are next to the bone parts of the mother. The pressure resulting from the contractions pushes the baby’s head towards the bony structures of the mother-to-be. This pushing causes severe pain and pain in the mother’s back. These pains can also be seen in periods without contractions.

normal delivery

Since the bone structures are side by side in the posterior position, it is difficult for the baby to adapt himself to the birth canal with the skull bones. Therefore, labor takes much longer. While it takes a long time for the baby to descend into the birth canal, if the baby does not progress, the expectant mother is given a cesarean delivery.

occiput posterior fetus


The baby’s posture cannot be resolved before it comes to the birth order, because the probability of getting the right shape during birth is also quite high. Sometimes, during examinations during labor, the doctor may recognize that the baby is in the occiput posterior position. However, most of the time the doctor may not understand. In general, the situation is understood when the expected delivery lasts longer than normal, the baby’s head does not descend, and the patient complains of severe low back pain. A cesarean section is performed according to the situation by looking at the ultrasound.

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